This tool also has a feature called My Transportation Cost Calculator, which illustrates how transportation costs impact affordability. The goal is for these tools to help inform decision making on the individual level and at a larger scale.
All of these tools support CNT’s goal to reduce household vehicle miles traveled (VMT).
Cargo-oriented development (COD) is similar to transit-oriented development in that the goal is to reduce vehicle miles traveled. Rather than driving trucks to move cargo, COD promotes the use of trains.
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Young explains the benefits of cargo-oriented development.
Not only can COD promote fuel efficiency and less pollution, but inter-modal transit facilities can create an employment hub in cities that have them.
CNT calculated reductions in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) for five different income groups living in three types of locations. They found that lower income households drive nearly 50% fewer miles when living within a quarter-mile of frequent transit than those living further away, and higher income households drive more than twice as many miles and own more than twice as many vehicles as extremely low income households living within a quarter-mile of frequent transit.
Thus, providing affordable housing in location efficient places can be a strategy for reducing VMT, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, making it an effective climate change mitigation strategy.
As a result of this report, the State of California passed a bill in 2014 to devote billions of dollars in cap-and-trade revenue to fund projects intended to further curb climate impacts. In addition to investments in high-speed rail and public transit, millions of dollars will support affordable transit-oriented development (TOD).
A fair amount of debate has surrounded the question of whether we are building the right amount of parking in urban areas, especially near transit.
“Do we really need that much parking near transit, when people are owning fewer cars, driving less, and is that a good use of our land resources near transit?” Young asked.
King County, Washington, engaged CNT to answer this question.
There is too much parking in King County, Washington, and it’s underutilized
During the course of their research, they found that on average, there was a third more parking than was necessary in all of the 200 buildings surveyed, according to Young.
CNT created a model of how much parking is really needed and created a website tool called the King County Right Size Parking Tool. The tool is a calculator that serves as a predictor of how much parking will be utilized in a certain location with a certain number of units.
This project has piqued the interest of cities across the nation. CNT has given presentations on the Right Size Parking Tool in six cities, and is currently working on a similar model for Washington, D.C.
CNT brings something special to the table by quantifying how much parking is really needed. Numerical data is helpful for policy makers, zoning administrators, development financiers and developers, in making decisions.
CNT’s core expertise is in being able to quantify the benefits of smart growth and produce data-driven information and tools for decision making.
In addition to the Housing and Transportation Affordability Index and the Right Size Parking Tool, CNT released a brand new product called All Transit.
All Transit is the largest single compiled source of transit stops and frequency data in America, and CNT presents it all in a digital format.
CNT will release shortly their analysis of the benefits of transit, based on their findings from the All Transit research, including how many jobs are accessible via transit within 30 and 45 minutes from homes, as well as what kinds of jobs are available.
CNT’s mission to create livable and sustainable communities for all people is accomplished by providing the public with the data and tools necessary to make the right choices in support of sustainable and equitable development in their communities.